DiTomasso Dental

Gum Disease

Preventing Plaque Buildup in Sacramento

periodontitis

Healthy gums are an important part of your smile. Periodontal disease, also commonly referred to as gum disease, occurs when the gum tissue around your teeth becomes infected. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of adult tooth loss, which is why it’s extremely important to pay attention to your gums and ensure they are healthy. Often, the symptoms go unnoticed because they don’t generally cause discomfort, and many people aren’t aware they are affected by the disease. Regular periodontal exams, in which the dentist measures the space between your gums and teeth are essential.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease starts with plaque, a type of sticky, colorless bacteria that covers the enamel of the teeth. If allowed to buildup, plaque can cause damage to the gums, separating the gums from the teeth and creating small pockets of space. Plaque continues to form in your mouth, which is why routine oral hygiene is important to keeping your gums healthy. Gum disease is evident in two different levels: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis represents the early, treatable stage of gingivitis and is identified by red and swollen gums. In a more advanced state, periodontitis is present causing teeth to become damaged beyond repair, and subject to loss or necessary removal. Smoking and using tobacco products increase your risk of developing gum disease, and research has shown that certain types of medication may also contribute to gum disease.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Red, swollen gums that are tender to the touch.
  • Your gums bleed easily when brushing.
  • Receding gums, in which the tissue begins to separate from the tooth enamel.
  • Your teeth may become loose, separate, or your bite may be altered.

If you notice any of these symptoms, please schedule a periodontal consultation with DiTomasso Dental right away!

Treatment and Prevention

To treat gum disease, you need a full periodontal exam. This includes anti-bacterial treatment, and scaling and root planing to eliminate plaque build-up. Prevention and good oral hygiene practices are key to keeping gums healthy. Regular brushing and flossing, routine professional cleanings, and proper nutrition are also vital to a maintaining a healthy smile.

Bleeding gums? Call us to schedule a full periodontal exam today and eliminate gum disease!